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Rosa  The Fairy Fairy rose
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Rosa 'The Fairy'

Fairy rose

This dwarf polyantha rose grows to 2 to 3 feet tall and 3 to 4 feet wide with large clusters of small, light pink double flowers late spring until the first frost in fall. Grow in full sun or part shade with good drainage and lots of organic matter. Average water.
Rosa californica  wild rose
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Rosa californica

wild rose

This deciduous shrub grows to 6 feet tall, spreading underground to create a thicket - an important wildlife habitat especially for birds, butterflies, beneficial insects. Single pink one inch flowers late spring to summer, fall. Sun or part shade, likes water but can tolerate drought. Bay Area native.
Rosa woodsii v. ultramontana  Sierra rose
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Rosa woodsii v. ultramontana

Sierra rose

This deciduous shrub grows to 5 to 9 feet tall but can be trained low as a ground cover. Large handsome single flowers vary from white to pink with blooms appearing late spring into summer. Best in part shade, likes water but can be quite drought tolerant. Excellent for dry areas with cold winters.  Cut back old canes to invigorate.

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Rosmarinus officinalis 'Mozart'

Trailing rosemary

Tight, formal looking mound growing 2 feet tall, 4 feet wide or more, easily cascading down walls. Vivid dark blue flowers in spring, prefers poor rocky soils and little or no water. Full sun, fire retardant if given some water. Quite drought and deer resistant - a very tough plant. Edible 

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Rosmarinus officinalis 'Blue Spires'

rosemary

This upright rosemary is an evergreen shrub growing 3 to 4 feet tall and as wide. It is covered with bright blue flowers in spring that attract bees. Grow in full sun; it prefers poor, rocky soils and not too much water. Quite drought tolerant and deer resistant. Excellent by the ocean. Edible.
Rosmarinus officinalis Huntington Carpet trailing rosemary
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Rosmarinus officinalis 'Huntington Carpet'

trailing rosemary

Evergreen shrub growing 1 to 2 feet tall, spreading or trailing 4 to 8 feet. Pale lavender blue flowers in spring, sometimes again in fall.  It prefers poor rocky soils and little or no water. Full sun, fire retardant if given some water. Quite drought and deer resistant - a very tough plant. Edible.

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Rosmarinus officinalis 'Tuscan Blue'

rosemary

Edible, evergreen shrub, upright growth to 4 feet, sometimes more. 4 foot spread. Deep blue flowers in spring.  Full sun, quite drought tolerant and deer resistant. Good border or hedge, or specimen plant. Good in poor soils and near the ocean.
Rubus  parviflorus  thimbleberry
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Rubus parviflorus

thimbleberry

Multiple, spineless, upright stems 3 to 6 feet with handsome, large green leaves that are fragrant on hot days. Clusters of single white rose flowers are followed by deep red berries. Grow in part shade with summer water, in the right conditions is will spread quickly and can be invasive. Deciduous.
Rubus spectabilis  salmonberry
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Rubus spectabilis

salmonberry

Multiple, softly spiny, upright then arching stems 6 to 15 feet with handsome, dark green leaves and clusters of single rose red flowers followed by brilliant orange red berries, edible for people and birds. Likes shade and summer water, it spreads quickly making a good barrier plant or informal hedge. Deciduous, Bay Area native.
Salvia  Indigo Spires Perennial Sage
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Salvia 'Indigo Spires'

Perennial Sage

This semi deciduous perennial grows quickly to 4 to 5 feet round with tall spikes of blue purple flowers over a long season - spring through fall. Grow in good soil in sun or light shade with moderate water. Blooms earlier and is more cold hardy than many of the perennial salvias.
Salvia apiana  white sage
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Salvia apiana

white sage

A large shrub with  handsome, strongly scented leaves growing 4 to 5 feet tall, 4 foot spread and used by native Americans in ceremonies. Small white flowers on spikes attract bees. Likes it hot and dry, good on dry slopes. May not be hardy below 22° F. Southern Coastal California native.
Salvia chamaedryoides  gentian sage
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Salvia chamaedryoides

gentian sage

This low mounding shrubby perennial from Mexico grows 1 to 1 1/2 feet tall, 2 foot spread. Silver gray foliage contrasts nicely with vivid true blue flowers in summer. Grow in full sun, deer and drought resistant. More cold hardy than most perennial sages. Sometimes spreads by running rootstock.

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Salvia chamaedryoides 'Marine Blue'

gentian sage

This mounding shrubby perennial from Mexico grows 18 inches tall, 3 foot spread. Steel gray foliage contrasts nicely with vivid true blue flowers in summer. Grow in full sun or light shade, deer and drought resistant. More cold hardy than most perennial salvias. Salvia chamaedryoides is one of its parents.
Salvia leucantha  Mexican sage
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Salvia leucantha

Mexican sage

Fast growing perennial 3 to 4 feet round with gracefully arching spikes of purple flowers late spring through fall. Grow in full sun. Quite drought tolerant and deer resistant. Cut to the ground in fall or spring. A good background for Mexican Daisy. Very showy.

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Salvia mellifera

Black Sage

Medium sized evergreen sage growing 3 to 4 feet tall, 6 foot spread, very aromatic. Whorls of pale blue flowers in spring. Part of the coastal scrub community growing in full sun. Quite drought tolerant and fairly deer resistant. Good on dry hillsides, for erosion control, under native oaks. Attracts butterflies. Native.
Salvia officinalis  garden sage
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Salvia officinalis

garden sage

Evergreen shrub growing 1 to 2 feet round. Gray green leaves with short spikes of blue flowers above the foliage in summer. Full sun or light shade, moderate water. Fairly deer resistant. Edible as well as ornamental, it makes a nice addition to the perennial as well as the herb garden. Good in containers.
Salvia spathacea  hummingbird sage
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Salvia spathacea

hummingbird sage

Fragrant green leaves form a spreading mat with whorls of magenta flowers on spikes rising 2 to 3 feet above the foliage in spring, early summer. Sun by the coast, light shade any where, a good woodland sage. Low water, tolerates clay soil, good under oaks. Native to Coastal California.
Salvia x clevelandii Allen Chickering Cleveland sage
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Salvia x clevelandii 'Allen Chickering'

Cleveland sage

This hybrid between Salvia clevelandii and leucophylla has very fragrant, mounding foliage 3to 4 feet round. 1 to 2 foot stalks rise above with whorls of rich blue purple flowers late spring, summer. Best in full sun with low water and poor rocky soils, quite drought tolerant. Good with lavenders, lupines.
Salvia x superba East Friesland Perennial sage
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Salvia x superba 'East Friesland'

Perennial sage

Evergreen perennial growing 1 1/2 feet round. Numerous, slender, crowded spikes of violet purple 1/2 inch flowers late spring through summer, a reliable performer. Full sun or light shade. Drought tolerant and deer resistant. Very nice with Achillea Moonshine.
Sanguisorba officinalis  great burnet
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Sanguisorba officinalis

great burnet

This clumping, rhizomatous perennial makes a basal mound with spikes of maroon flowers to 3 feet tall from early summer into fall. Good in a perennial border, damp meadow, or by water. Sun or part shade, likes good drainage, average water. Native to the northern part of California. It's cut flower is used in Japanese tea ceremonies.
Sarcococca confusa  sweet box
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Sarcococca confusa

sweet box

Native to the Himalayas and China this evergreen shrub grows slowly to 4 to 6 feet high, 3 to 7 feet wide. Tiny, very fragrant white flowers in late winter followed by red, then black berries. Tolerates sun along the coast but well behaved in heavy shade. A good choice for difficult shade situations.
Satureja douglasii  yerba buena
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Satureja douglasii

yerba buena

Slender stems root as they grow hugging the ground or trailing over walls, 2 inches high spreading 3 feet or more. Fragrant leaves can be dried for tea, small white flowers April through September. Sun near the coast, part shade anywhere, looks best with average water and good soil but can survive in shade with neither. Bay Area native.
Schizostylis coccinea  crimson flag
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Schizostylis coccinea

crimson flag

Narrow evergreen leaves 1 1/2 feet tall with showy spikes of crimson star shaped flowers late in the year, October into December.  Grow in full sun or light shade.  Can be divided.  It makes an excellent cut flower.

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Schizostylis coccinea 'Mrs. Hegarty'

pink flag

Narrow evergreen leaves 1 1/2 feet tall with showy spikes of pink star shaped flowers late in the year, October into December.  Grow in full sun or light shade.  Can be divided.  It makes an excellent cut flower.
Scirpus californicus  California tule
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Scirpus californicus

California tule

This bulrush grows 6 to 12 feet tall each year. It runs creating a thicket and can be cut and woven into a boat if needed.  It can be grown in water on the edge of a pond or stream, in water pots to contain it, or in the garden with adequate water. Native to marshes it is a striking plant, not for the faint of heart. Bay Area native.

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Scirpus cernuus

fiber optics grass

Perennial bunchgrass 6 to 8 inches tall with little ball like flower heads on the end of the blades. 1 foot spread for sun or part shade. Likes water. A good choice for the edge of a pond, as a low border, in containers. Bay Area native.
Sedum spathulifolium Cape Blanco Cape Blanco sedum
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Sedum spathulifolium 'Cape Blanco'

Cape Blanco sedum

A low growing coastal sedum 3 inches high, 1 foot spread or more. Chalk gray leaves turn red in cold weather. Bright yellow star shaped flowers in June and July. A good small scale groundcover, or in containers, it grows in full sun near the coast, light shade anywhere. Quite drought and deer resistant. Bay Area native.
Sedum telephium Autumn Joy stonecrop
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Sedum telephium 'Autumn Joy'

stonecrop

Upright perennial from China grows to 2 1/2 feet with puffs of coppery rose flowers late summer, fall. Full sun or part shade, quite deer and drought resistant. Foliage, flowers and purple seed heads are all attractive.
Sedum x Bertram Anderson Bertram Anderson sedum
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Sedum x 'Bertram Anderson'

Bertram Anderson sedum

Native to the eastern U.S. this sedum spreads or trails on stems 8 to 10 inches long with clusters of dusky pink flowers on the end of each stem late summer, fall. Likes light shade and low water, it needs good drainage and can grow in sandy soils. Good for a dry border, in a rock garden. Attracts butterflies.
Sequoia sempervirens  coastal redwood
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Sequoia sempervirens

coastal redwood

A fast growing evergreen tree with graceful, drooping, gray green branches. It grows to 60 feet or more but can be trimmed as a hedge at any height. Full sun or part shade, it likes water. Good near lawns or as a specimen tree. These trees are grown from seed. Bay Area native.
Sidalcea malvaeflora  checkerbloom
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Sidalcea malvaeflora

checkerbloom

Low growing evergreen perennial 4 inches high spreading 2 to 3 feet with horizontal flower spikes poking on beyond. 1 inch velvet pink flowers over a long period. Cut back if ratty looking to re-invigorate. Sun or light shade, low water. Local seed, Bay Area native.
Silene vulgaris maritima  sea campion
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Silene vulgaris maritima

sea campion

Low growing evergreen perennial 4 to 6 inches high, 1 foot spread or more with 1 inch white flowers spring, summer.  Sun or part shade, low to average water. Good in containers or as a groundcover with other drought tolerant perennial. Trails nicely. Quite deer and cow resistant.
Sisyrinchium bellum Rocky Point blue-eyed grass
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Sisyrinchium bellum 'Rocky Point'

blue-eyed grass

This species of iris is found in many plant communities in the coastal ranges, from 3,000 feet down to the ocean's edge. Star shaped blue flowers appear April through June. The foliage grows 6 to 8 inches high. It does well in containers, meadows, in sun or light shade, moderate to low water. Bay Area native.
Sisyrinchium californicum  yellow eyed grass
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Sisyrinchium californicum

yellow eyed grass

A member of the Iris family, this perennial grows 1 foot tall and as wide. Star shaped golden yellow flowers heaviest in May, June. Found near the coast in moist places, even fresh water marshes, it will also thrive with low to average water. Sun or part shade. Quite deer resistant. Self sows freely. Bay Area native.
Smilacina racemosa  Solomon's plume
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Smilacina racemosa

Solomon's plume

Rising from the ground in late winter these amply leafed stalks grow 2 feet tall topped by fluffy conical clusters of fragrant creamy white flowers in May followed by red berries, dormant by the end of summer. Part to heavy shade, needs water in the spring. Slowly spreading, a good addition to a natural woodland garden or riparian area. Bay Area native.
Smilacina stellata  starry Solomon's plume
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Smilacina stellata

starry Solomon's plume

Rising from the ground in late winter these amply leafed stalks 12 inches tall will be topped by delicate star shaped creamy white flowers March through May. Dormant by the end of summer. Part to heavy shade, needs water in the spring. Spreading but not invasive, a good addition to a natural woodland garden. Bay Area native.
Solidago californica  California goldenrod
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Solidago californica

California goldenrod

Spreading clump with 2 foot erect stems bearing racemes of golden flowers midsummer into fall. Full sun or light shade, tolerates poor soil and drought but will flower longer with more water. Can be invasive, quite hardy. Excellent native bee food plant. Bay Area native.
Stipa arundinacea  pheasant's tail grass
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Stipa arundinacea

pheasant's tail grass

This arching bunch grass grows 3 feet tall, 4 foot spread. Gray green foliage that turns orange and bright brown in the fall looks handsome all year, especially in the winter. Sun or light shade with moderate to low water. A good accent plant or informal background. Attractive arching seed heads late summer, can self sow.
Stipa ichu  Peruvian feather grass
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Stipa ichu

Peruvian feather grass

This fine textured bunch grass grows 2 to 3 feet tall, 1 foot wide and moves with the slightest breeze. Full sun or light shade, quite heat resistant, prefers rocky soils but can handle clay. Good in large containers or with Rock Roses and Lavenders. It's similar to Mexican Feather Grass but doesn't reseed as much in low water situations.
Stipa ramosissima  pillar of smoke
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Stipa ramosissima

pillar of smoke

This columnar growing grass can reach a height of 6 feet with a 3 foot spread giving a bamboo like feeling. Showy flowerheads, silky bronze fading to cream, bloom in radiating whorls over a long period. Grow in full sun, looks best with regular water. Wind tolerant, good near the coast. Striking tall accent.
Stoksia laevis blue Danube Stoke's aster
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Stoksia laevis 'blue Danube'

Stoke's aster

This rosette forming evergreen perennial grows 1 foot tall, 1 1/2 foot spread with stiff, erect, many branched stems bearing 4 inch lacy sky blue flowers from June to frost. Grow in sun or part shade. Deer resistant. This is a long lasting flower, good in perennial borders, containers. Hardy to -20°F.

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Streptopus amplexifolius

twisted stalk

This winter dormant woodland plant produces new shoots in early spring that grow 16 inches tall. In late spring dainty white veined, green bell shaped flowers appear followed in late summer by  orange to red fruits attractive to birds. It prefers a cool, shady coastal climate and water through the summer.
Symphoricarpos albus  snowberry
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Symphoricarpos albus

snowberry

Deciduous shrub 2 to 6 feet tall and slowly spreading. Clusters of white flowers followed by attractive white berries that hang on the plant through winter, attracts birds. Grow in sun or shade. Quite drought tolerant but likes water. Bay Area native.
Tellima grandiflora  fringe cup
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Tellima grandiflora

fringe cup

A rich looking evergreen perennial of the saxifrage family, it is a low mounding plant 12 inches high, 1 1/2 foot spread with flower stalks to 2 feet. Above the last stem leaf comes a procession of charming flowers of pale cream fading to rust. Sun or part shade in damp soil. Easy to naturalize. Bay Area native.

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Teucrium cossonii

Majorcan teucrium

Low growing, evergreen groundcover 6 inches high, 3 foot spread. It is covered with lavender flowers in summer. Best in full sun, prefers rocky, poor soils and is quite drought resistant. Hardy to 10°F. Good on dry banks, popular with bees.
Thalictrum occidentale  meadow rue
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Thalictrum occidentale

meadow rue

With delicate foliage like a columbine, this perennial grows 2 to 3 feet round, spreading slowly. It has graceful panicles of pale green flowers with purple stamens on male plants, green pistils on the females. It can be grown in full sun near the coast, part shade anywhere. Some summer water will lengthen its season.
Thymus  serpyllum 'Minus"  elfin thyme
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Thymus serpyllum 'Minus"

elfin thyme

Low, tight, evergreen thyme 1 inch high and slowly spreading, sometimes forms hummocks. Tiny lavender pink flowers in summer. It can be grown in full sun or light shade but needs good drainage and not too much water. Quite deer resistant. Excellent in rock gardens, containers, between stepping stones.
thymus lanuginosus  wooly thyme
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thymus lanuginosus

wooly thyme

This form of creeping thyme gets its name from its fuzzy gray leaves.  It makes a tight mat 2 to 3 inches high, spreading or trailing 2 to 3 feet. Full sun or light shade, tiny pink flowers in summer. Quite drought and deer resistant. It is good between stepping stones or spilling over walls.

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Thymus vulgaris

common thyme

Also known as English Thyme, it is a shrubby perennial growing 6 to 12 inches round with tiny lilac flowers in summer. Full sun, prefers poor soil and low water. Good as a low edging for flower or herb garden, in containers. Use fresh or dried.  Edible.

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Thymus vulgaris Argenteus

silver thyme

A shrubby perennial growing 6 to 12 inches round with tiny lilac flowers in summer. This selection is known for its silver foliage and neat appearance. Full sun, prefers poor soil and low water.  Good as low edging for flower or herb garden, in containers. Use fresh or dried. Edible.
Trifolium wormskioldii  Wormskiold's clover
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Trifolium wormskioldii

Wormskiold's clover

This native clover forms a low, creeping mat that can handle occasional foot traffic. Found in wet prairies, it will grow with average water in sun near the coast, light shade anywhere. Showy purple flower heads in early summer that attract bees. Clover is a nitrogen fixer and makes a good ground cover. Bay Area native.

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Tulbaghia violacea

society garlic

Very slender leaves to 1 foot long forming a clump 1 to 2 feet round. Showy umbels of 8 to 20 dark lilac 3/4 inch flowers appear in spring, summer. It can be grown in full sun or part shade with moderate water. Good low front border, in containers. Onion smell when cut.
Tulbaghia violacea Silver Lace variegated society garlic
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Tulbaghia violacea 'Silver Lace'

variegated society garlic

Very slender leaves to 1 foot long forming a clump 1 to 2 feet round.  Showy umbels of 8 to 20 rose lavender 3/4 inch flowers appear in spring, summer.  It can be grown in full sun or part shade with moderate water. Good in rock gardens, containers. Garlic flavored flowers can be used in salads.
Vaccinium ovatum  huckleberry
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Vaccinium ovatum

huckleberry

This evergreen shrub grows 2 to 3 feet round in the sun, 8 feet tall and 6 feet wide in shade. Pinkish white flowers in late spring are followed by black berries in fall - delicious! Slow growing, spreading when young, taller when older. Low to moderate water, attracts birds. Bay Area native.

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